What orthodontic treatment options can you find in Leeds

If you feel that you need orthodontic treatment for functional or cosmetic purposes, your dentist will refer you to a specialist orthodontist. Ideally on your first visit to the orthodontist a full orthodontic assessment will be carried out. This will start by addressing your concerns and informing you what the orthodontic treatment will achieve. If you are happy to commence with the treatment your orthodontist will take impressions of your teeth to make study models as well as x-rays which will help him/her figure out how your teeth are developing, what your jaw looks like and needs, and what treatment options are available for you. The orthodontist may also take photographs of your face to help plan the treatment.
You and your orthodontist will decide on which orthodontic appliance will most suit your needs and he/she will inform you on how long you will need to wear the appliance (‘braces’) for and what type of retainer, and how long to wear it for.

There are many options in the market and here we list the ones offered in Leeds, how long they need to be worn for and who may they be used by:

Fixed appliances

As the name suggests, these are irremovable braces that are applied by the orthodontist and are kept on till the treatment is over. You will have to visit the orthodontist routinely to have them adjusted and that is usually done every 6 to 8 weeks.
Fixed braces consist of brackets, that are glued to the teeth using a special glue, and a wire attached and connecting them. They are made of metal usually but can also be found to be made of plastic or ceramic. The braces may have elastic band(s) connected to it to keep the wire in place.
Fixed braces can be used on upper or lower teeth with great results. Sometimes, in conjunction with the braces, you may need to wear a headgear if your condition requires it. The headgear connects your braces to a frame placed on your head and it helps achieve the desired results. The headgear will be worn at specific times and is an important part of your orthodontic treatment. Your orthodontist will be able to show you pictures of the headgear and tell you how and when to use it. Types of fixed braces
available in Leeds include:

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Removable appliances

Removable appliances are braces that you can remove to clean and eat but you will still have to wear them for the majority of the time and they do not suit the more severe cases. They are usually used to treat upper teeth. Removable appliances are made in a dental lab to suit your case and they usually consist of a metal wire with springs and clips to move specific teeth and they will have a plate which sits in the palate (or the tongue side if the braces are for the lower teeth). The wire, springs and possibly elastic bands(s) are connected to the plate and they move specific teeth by applying a consistent steady force on the teeth.
Generally, removable appliances are used for simple teeth movement and may not suit more complicated cases. Moreover, removable appliances maybe used as a retainer once the treatment has reached a specific stage.

Types of removable appliances include:

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Functional braces

Functional braces are removable braces that are usually used for children to correct overbite and other malocclusion issues at an early stage to avoid the need for complex treatments in the future. They are not the same as the other removable appliances as they differ in their function. They look similar to other removable braces as they may have a plate and wires holding them in place by connecting them to the back teeth, usually your first molar tooth. They generally rely on using the force of the muscles around the mouth and are not used for a very long time as they are used during the childhood period when changes in growth are rapid. Their efficiency is very high and the results they give can be amazing.

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Orthognathic Surgery

Due to skeletal disharmonies, it is sometimes not possible to correct the bite or straighten and align teeth using the normal orthodontic treatment and thats when Orthognathic surgery is needed. Orthognathic surgery usually performed by an oral, cosmetic, ENT or maxillofacial surgeon to reconstruct the jaw bones to correct the shape and remedy the disharmonies. Orthodontic treatment may, however, be needed before and/or after the surgery and thats why the surgeon and the orthodontist work in close cooperation to achieve the results desired whether that is functional or cosmetic (or both) in nature.

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Conventional fixed braces

These are the stereotypical braces that have metallic brackets connected by a metallic wire. Brackets are not as big as they used to be in the past so the discomfort experienced after having them fitted is not huge and very quickly you become used to it.

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Ceramic and clear fixed braces

The brackets can be made of ceramic or clear plastic like material and that makes their colour tooth like making them harder to spot. This can be used when you would like your braces to be somewhat less noticeable. The wire connecting the brackets is metallic nevertheless.

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Damon braces

Damon braces are a state of art appliance that also has clear brackets making them very hard to spot. Moreover, the technology employed in Damon braces gives them advanced self-ligating archwire and brackets which move the teeth into position gently and effectively.

The main advantages of using Damon clear braces are:

For more information please visit the Damon braces website or get in touch with our recommended award-winning orthodontic practice in Leeds

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Six Month Smiles

Six month smiles orthodontic systems are a revolutionary new orthodontic system that combines the best braces making it really powerful at straightening and aligning complex orthodontic problems. As the name suggests, the average treatment time is around 6 months but that may also depend on your the case specifics and the severity of the problem.
What makes the Six Month Smiles system extremely attractive is the clear brackets combined with a white wire that makes the appliance virtually invisible.
The mechanism of action of braces increase the comfort of using it and makes hygiene easier to maintain to a high standard.

For more information please visit Six Month Smile website or get in touch with our recommended orthodontic practice in Leeds.

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Invisible lingual braces

Lingual braces are similar to the conventional ones in the sense that they have metallic brackets and a wire. However, they are placed at the BACK of teeth making them invisible to people. They offer a great aesthetic value and allow for adjustment of many orthodontic problems. Moreover, they are easy to clean due to the way they are bonded to the back of the teeth.

However, Lingual braces may take some getting used before they become comfortable due to their localisation and constant possible rubbing with the tongue. The time needed for them to achieve the same result as the conventional braces is longer and they also take longer to adjust per visit to the orthodontist.

Incognito braces are lingual braces but they are designed to reduce the effect to speech and eating and reduce discomfort.
To reduce the treatment time, Harmony orthodontic system offers lingual braces that utilise a 3D self-ligating sysetm which allows the teeth to move more gently and reduces treatment time.


Your orthodontist will be able to comment more on whether you can use lingual braces as they may not be suitable in some cases where the bite is of a certain shape.

For more information about lingual braces why not contact our recommended award-winning orthodontist in Leeds

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Conventional removable braces

Although they may look like functional braces, they differ in their function. These are usually for children when the cases are not too complicated and are restricted to moving a tooth in cases of mal-alignment.

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Invisible aligners

A popular example of invisible aligners used in orthodontoic treatments is Invisalign. Once the need for orthodontic treatment has been established by you and your orthodontist, your orthodontist will take an impression of your teeth to make you a series of aligners which you wear to straighten your teeth. Each aligner is worn for about two weeks and then you change them for another set which you wear for a further two weeks and so on until the desired position of teeth is acheived. Each time you change the aligner you are wearing your teeth are moved slightly towards the optimal position sought until finally, the teeth are where they need to be. You may have to see your orthodontist routinley for him/her to assess the progress of your treatment.

The advantages of invisalign treatment is the nature of the metrial used to make the aligners. The aligners are made of tough, wafer thin and clear material which makes them invisible to other people. No one will know that you are wearing an orthodontic appliance. Moreover, the lack of metallic bits mean that they are more comfortable than the fixed braces and can cause less irritation to soft tissues. However, invisalign and other aligners can not be used by all patients and all cases as they cannot be used for the more severe and complex cases.

Your aligners will be worn all the time for a minimum of 22 hours a day for them to give the desired effect in the shortest time possible. They are suitable for adults who have all their adult teeth and who do not have a complex case of malocclusion. However, the comfort you get with using invisalign means that you can take them off to eat and clean your teeth. The treatment time needed averages between 9 to 15 months.

For more information please visit Invisalign website or get in touch with our recommended award-winning orthodontist

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Once the position of your teeth is optimal, the appliance you had on will be removed and you will be fitted with a retainer. A retainer is extremley important as it prevents your teeth from relapsing into their pre-treatment positions.
A retainer can be a fixed wire that is placed by the orthodontist at the back of your teeth and it stops them from moving back into their original position. A retainer may also be removable and in that case it would look like teeth aligners, a tray for your teeth which holds them in place. Even removable retainers have to be worn all the time except when eating or cleaning the teeth. This is done at least in the first few weeks/months after the treatment is finished to prevent a relapse.

How long you have the retainer is dependant on the original problem. However, you are still advised to wear a removable retainer once or twice a week overnight to prevent relapse.

For more information you can get in touch with our recommended orthodontist in Leeds

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